This text describes principles for understanding and managing permanent neuropsychological impairment in brain-damaged adults. It also presents a new perspective on disorders of self-awareness and recovery as well as deterioration after brain injury, which have clear implications for neurorehabilitation.
This volume provides, for the first time, multidisciplinary perspectives on the problem of awareness of deficits following brain injury. Such deficits may involve perception, attention, memory, language, or motor functions, and they can seriously disrupt an individual's ability to function. However, some brain-damaged patients are entirely unaware of the existence or severity of their deficits, even when they are easily noticed by others. In addressing these topics, contributors cover the entire range of neuropsychological syndromes in which problems with awareness of deficit are observed: hemiplegia and hemianopia, amnesia, aphasia, traumatic head injury, dementia, and others. On the clinical side, leading researchers delineate the implications of awareness of deficits for rehabilitation and patient management, and the role of defense mechanisms such as denial. Theoretical discussions focus on the importance of awareness disturbances for better understanding such cognitive processes as attention, consciousness, and monitoring.
This book focuses on impaired self-awareness which, by its nature, is extremely interesting to many individuals. Perhaps the most dramatic example is when the individual has a right hemisphere stroke and is unaware of their hemiplegia. Understanding the brain mechanisms that allow the individual to eventually become aware of their neurological impairments is, of course, of major interest to scientists as well as clinicians and the lay public. This book attempts to provide our most recent understanding of this complicated phenomenon.
Formulada por el doctor Albert Ellis en los años cincuenta, la terapia racional emotivo-conductual se ha aplicado a diversos problemas psicológicos. La TREC se cuestiona por qué las personas crean sus propios problemas y qué se puede hacer al respecto. Ofrece un método científico de pensamiento racional para ayudar a la gente a disminuir sus problemas emocionales y llevar una vida más plena y satisfactoria. Mantiene también una filosofía de vida, de modo que uno de sus principales objetivos es conseguir un profundo cambio filosófico en las personas, que afecte a sus emociones y conductas tanto presentes como futuras.
Cognitive neuroscience explores the relationship between our minds and our brains, most recently by drawing on brain imaging techniques to align neural mechanisms with psychological processes. In Mind and Brain, William Uttal offers a critical review of cognitive neuroscience, examining both its history and modern developments in the field. He pays particular attention to the role of brain imaging--especially functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)--in studying the mind-brain relationship. He argues that, despite the explosive growth of this new mode of research, there has been more hyperbole than critical analysis of what experimental outcomes really mean. With Mind and Brain, Uttal attempts a synoptic synthesis of this substantial body of scientific literature.
Uttal considers psychological and behavioral concerns that can help guide the neuroscientific discussion; work done before the advent of imaging systems; and what brain imaging has brought to recent research. Cognitive neuroscience, Uttal argues, is truly both cognitive and neuroscientific. Both approaches are necessary and neither is sufficient to make sense of the greatest scientific issue of all: how the brain makes the mind.